- African Growth and Opportunity Act
TRALAC - Trade Law Centre
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Sector data: Agriculture



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Agricultural exports by AGOA beneficiaries (combined) to United States

$ million, by HTS2 code and program, 2000-2023 YTD, covering HS chapter 1-24, in ascending order of chapter

Agricultural exports by AGOA beneficiary and program to United States

$ million, 2000-2023 YTD, covering HS chapter 1-24

AGOA Beneficiaries' exports of fruit, vegetables and nuts under AGOA/GSP (Chapter 07 + 08) to the United States, under AGOA/GSP preference

$ million, 2000-2023 YTD, covering fruit, vegetable and nut products of Chapter 07 and 08, AGOA/GSP preference only

The agriculture sector forms one of the most important economic activities in Africa. While much of agricultural production is subsistence-based or for local consumption, there has been strong growth in agriculture products being exported globally.

Africa’s international agriculture exports include citrus products, grains, nuts, fish, tobacco, cocoa, coffee, beverages, sugar, vegetables, fruit and many other agriculture categories.  These can be found on shelves in all corners of the world, and used as inputs in further processed goods.

In terms of US exports, AGOA beneficiaries exported a combined $2.9 billion worth of agriculture products during 2022, up from $750 million in 2000. However, the majority of trade continues to take place under normal tariff relations, either because products do not qualify under AGOA/GSP or because products are already free of duty when entering the US.

In 2022, approximately $932m (of $2,9 billion total agricultural products) in qualifying AGOA/GSP agriculture products were shipped to the US from AGOA beneficiaries. The AGOA preference trade represented just short of 32% of total agriculture products from AGOA beneficiaries to the US, with most of the remaining trade duty-free under normal tariff terms. 

Almost all AGOA beneficiaries recorded some agricultural exports to the US under AGOA during 2022, with 17 countries exporting agricultural goods under AGOA worth more than $1m during the year, and 5 whose agricultural exports under AGOA preference exceeded $50m each. Leading exporters under AGOA preference are South Africa (2023: $446m), Cote d’Ivoire (2022: $127m), Ghana (2023: $86m), Kenya (2023: $78m), and  Senegal (2023: $70m). 

Key products exported under AGOA/GSP preference are citrus fruit (mainly oranges and mandarins), grapes, nuts (including macademia), fresh vegetables, cassava and peppers. For more detail on trade in these categories, see Table 3 alongside. 

More detailed data can be viewed by clicking on the table links to the right. 







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