TRALAC - Trade Law Centre

Country Info: Ghana

Economic Background

Ghana's economy has been strengthened by a quarter century of relatively sound management, a competitive business environment, and sustained reductions in poverty levels. Ghana is well endowed with natural resources and agriculture accounts for roughly one-quarter of GDP and employs more than half of the workforce, mainly small landholders.

The services sector accounts for 50% of GDP. Gold and cocoa production and individual remittances are major sources of foreign exchange. Oil production at Ghana's offshore Jubilee field began in mid-December, 2010, and is expected to boost economic growth. President MAHAMA faces challenges in managing new oil revenue while maintaining fiscal discipline and resisting debt accumulation.

Estimated oil reserves have jumped to almost 700 million barrels. Ghana signed a Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact in 2006, which aims to assist in transforming Ghana's agricultural sector.

Ghana opted for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) program in 2002, and is also benefiting from the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative that took effect in 2006. In 2009 Ghana signed a three-year Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility with the IMF to improve macroeconomic stability, private sector competitiveness, human resource development, and good governance and civic responsibility. Sound macro-economic management along with higher prices for oil, gold and, cocoa helped sustain high GDP growth in 2008-12. (Source: World Factbook, 2013)

Selection of document downloads

Brochure - AGOA performance and country profile of Ghana

Brochure - AGOA performance and country profile of Ghana

An overview of Ghana's participation and utilisation of AGOA preferences since 2000, including relevant trade data and sector-focus.  Double-sided A4 brochure. For printing purposes, set 'fit to page' on your printer.

Author Eckart Naumann
Organisation Trade Law Centre (tralac)
Publication Date 21 December 2018
View the document D Size: 5 MB
Ghana - National AGOA Strategy

Ghana - National AGOA Strategy

The Ghana Ministry of Trade and Industry (MOTI) has taken the opportunity to develop a new strategic approach for utilizing Ghana’s preferential market access to the United States markets, extended by the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) which was renewed last year through 2025 by an act of the United States Congress. The approach has taken on board the advice offered by Brookings Institute, and the United States General...

Author Dexis Consulting Group
Publication Date 04 November 2016
View the document D Size: 2 MB
Ghana - United States (TIFA)

Ghana - United States (TIFA)

Trade and Investment Framework Agreement between the United States of America and the Republic of Ghana.  

Author Ghana - US
Organisation Ghana - US
Publication Date 26 February 1999
View the document D Size: 107 KB

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