TRALAC - Trade Law Centre

Research Documents

A collection of work relating to AGOA undertaken by academic and research organization, as well as various international organisations and institutions. Should you wish to share your published work here, please contact AGOA.info.
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Overview of the Used Clothing Market in East Africa: Analysis of Determinants and Implications

Overview of the Used Clothing Market in East Africa: Analysis of Determinants and Implications

Overview of the Used Clothing Market in East Africa: Analysis of Determinants and Implications. In March 2016, the East African Community (EAC) Heads of State issued a Joint Communiqué from the 17th Ordinary Summit, expressing their intent to...
Author USAID East Africa Trade Hub
Organisation USAID East Africa Trade Hub
Publish Date 21 August 2017
South Africa and AGOA: Recent developments 2015-2016 and possible suspension

South Africa and AGOA: Recent developments 2015-2016 and possible suspension

The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) has received much publicity and attention over the past year in particular, for two main reasons: (a) the legislation was set to expire at the end of September 2015 amid uncertainty and many questions...
Author Eckart Naumann
Organisation Trade Law Centre (TRALAC)
Publish Date 15 February 2016
An overview of AGOA’s performance, beneficiaries, renewal provisions and the status of South Africa

An overview of AGOA’s performance, beneficiaries, renewal provisions and the status of South Africa

The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), a piece of United States legislation, was signed into law by the then President of the United States (US) Bill Clinton on 18 May 2000. AGOA marked a significant and fundamental shift in US policy...
Author Eckart Naumann
Organisation TRALAC
Publish Date 01 September 2015
AGOA’s Reauthorization: Beyond 2015

AGOA’s Reauthorization: Beyond 2015

access to the U.S. market in a wide range of products. It has become a flagstone of the U.S.-African relationship and has successfully shifted focus to trade and economic issues. AGOA was designed to spur economic development by using trade...
Author Leadership Africa USA and New Markets Lab
Organisation Leadership Africa USA
Publish Date 15 January 2015
View details v D AGOA’s Reauthorization: Beyond 2015 Size: 632 KB
AGOA: Observations on competitiveness and diversification of US imports from beneficiary countries

AGOA: Observations on competitiveness and diversification of US imports from beneficiary countries

  GAO (US Government Accountability Office) was asked to examine a number of issues relating to AGOA countries’ trade expansion and economic development, and factors affecting their trade with the United States and other countries. This...
Author USGAO
Organisation USGAO
Publish Date 21 July 2014
AGOA: Background and Reauthorization (CRS)

AGOA: Background and Reauthorization (CRS)

The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) is a nonreciprocal trade preference program that provides duty-free treatment to U.S. imports of certain products from eligible sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. Congress first authorized...
Author Brock Williams
Organisation Congressional Research Service
Publish Date 22 April 2015
View details v D AGOA: Background and Reauthorization Size: 488 KB
Report on a survey of AGOA’s past, present and future prospects

Report on a survey of AGOA’s past, present and future prospects

Abstract: Eleven years after it entered into force, the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), a unilateral preference scheme of the US to promote trade and investment, Sub-Saharan member States subject to this scheme have requested an...
Author Stephen Karingi, Laura Páez, Derrese Degefa
Organisation UNECA
Publish Date 29 June 2012
The US GSP: Background and renewal debate 2013

The US GSP: Background and renewal debate 2013

The expiration of the GSP in July 2013 means that renewal of the program is likely to be a legislative issue in the first session of the 113th Congress. In recent years, renewal of trade preference programs in general, and of the GSP program in...
Author Vivian C. Jones
Organisation Congressional Research Service
Publish Date 09 January 2013
View details v D Size: 477 KB
Garment exports under AGOA: A short situational overview

Garment exports under AGOA: A short situational overview

A 3-page situational overview (prepared for the 2012 AGOA Forum) relating to apparel trade under AGOA, placing this in context with global US imports of apparel from competing countries and reinforcing the urgent need to extend the third country...
Author Eckart Naumann
Organisation Tralac
Publish Date 12 June 2012
View details v D Size: 167 KB
AGOA at 10: Reflections on US-Africa trade with a focus on SACU countries

AGOA at 10: Reflections on US-Africa trade with a focus on SACU countries

This paper provides an overview of the current AGOA legislation and tracks legislative amendments over its first decade. This is followed by an analysis of African exports to the US, with a more detailed focus on three sample sectors (the...
Author Eckart Naumann
Organisation Consultant / Tralac
Publish Date 12 October 2010
View details v D Size: 639 KB
AGOA: Reflections on the first 9 years

AGOA: Reflections on the first 9 years

A short article reflecting on the trade performance of beneficiary countries under AGOA, with a focus on Southern Africa.
Author Eckart Naumann
Organisation Tralac
Publish Date 14 April 2009
View details v D Size: 58 KB
The US Congressional Elections in 2006: What Implicatiuns for US Trade Policy?

The US Congressional Elections in 2006: What Implicatiuns for US Trade Policy?

The recent U.S. Congressional elections assumed considerable importance for trade negotiators because it is thought that, even if significant progress were made on the Doha Round negotiations in early 2007, Congress would need to extend the U.S....
Author Simon Evenett & Michael Meier
Organisation University of St. Gallen, Switzerland
Publish Date 14 November 2006
View details v D Size: 247 KB
An interim assessment of the US Trade Policy of

An interim assessment of the US Trade Policy of "Competitive Liberalization"

Since it took office the administration of George W. Bush has pursued a trade policy known as Competitive Liberalization. This policy envisages a series of mutually-reinforcing and sequential steps to open markets abroad to U.S. companies, to...
Author Simon Evenett & Michael Meier
Organisation University of St. Gallen
Publish Date 07 July 2006
View details v D Size: 309 KB
AGOA - An overview 2003

AGOA - An overview 2003

This paper addresses the historical foundations of AGOA, its envisioned benefits to Africa and the U.S., its record of achievement in training, trade, promotion of appropriate African business policies, its phases and future.
Author Gerstenfeld, A. and Njoroge, R.
Publish Date 05 March 2003
View details v D Size: 232 KB

"Taking The Devils Rope" - AGOA And Sweatshops In The Apparel Sector

In the last three years the apparel sector in Sub Saharan Africa has experienced considerable growth with the introduction of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). Much of the investment in Southern Africa has been by Asian multinational...
Author Aisha Bahadur
Organisation Civil Society Research and Support Collective, SA
Publish Date 04 February 2004
View details v D Size: 117 KB
The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA): Does it really present opportunities?

The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA): Does it really present opportunities?

Paper presented at the International Conference "Agricultural policy reform and the WTO: where are we heading?" This paper attempted to address three main questions about AGOA: The first question looks at how well the market access provisions...
Author Shahla Shapouri and Michael Trueblood
Organisation Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture
Publish Date 12 June 2003
View details v D Size: 272 KB
Has AGOA increased agricultural exports from Sub-Saharan Africa to the United States? 2003

Has AGOA increased agricultural exports from Sub-Saharan Africa to the United States? 2003

Paper presented at the International Conference "Agricultural policy reform and the WTO: where are we heading?" AGOA provides preferential access to Africa's products in US markets. While proponents expect that AGOA will expand Africa's exports to...
Author Kofi Nouve and John Staatz
Organisation Michigan State University
Publish Date 05 June 2003
View details v D Size: 85 KB
UNCTAD: Recent initiatives in favour of LDCs

UNCTAD: Recent initiatives in favour of LDCs

A preliminary impact assessment undertaken by UNCTAD in 2003 on the main recent initiatives in favour of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in the area of preferential market access. This document has been prepared to facilitate the debate at the...
Author UNCTAD
Organisation United Nations
Publish Date 19 August 2003
View details v D Size: 136 KB
Article: An African response to AGOA (2001)

Article: An African response to AGOA (2001)

Short article on AGOA that was published in "The Southern African Economist", Vol 14, No6, pp 17-19, in 2001. 
Author T.A. Mushita
Organisation SAPEM, Zimbabwe
Publish Date 05 February 2001
View details v D Size: 73 KB
Technical Report: GSP assessment and country export survey - Tradehub

Technical Report: GSP assessment and country export survey - Tradehub

Under the preceding RAPID project, Southern Africa Global Competitiveness Hub advisors conducted a GSP Assessment and Export Survey in every SADC country with the exception of South Africa and Mauritius. The purpose of this exercise was to...
Author Shawna Turner
Organisation Chemonics International, Inc.
Publish Date 10 December 2002
View details v D Size: 159 KB
IMF Report - AGOA and its Rules of Origin: Generosity undermined?

IMF Report - AGOA and its Rules of Origin: Generosity undermined?

This paper describes the United States recently enacted Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and assesses its quantitative impact on African exports. The AGOA expands the scope of preferential access of Africa's exports to the United States in...
Author Aaditya Mattoo, Devesh Roy, and Arvind Subramanian
Organisation International Monetary Fund
Publish Date 14 June 2002
View details v D Size: 299 KB
Extension of third country textile waiver - a 2002 report

Extension of third country textile waiver - a 2002 report

Report prepared by Joop de Voest for the Zambia Trade and Investment Enhancement Project (ZAMTIE). This short technical report looks at the implications of the end to special apparel provisions under AGOA (allowing for the use of third country...
Author Joop de Voest
Organisation Report for Zambia Trade and Investment Enhancement Project - ZAMTIE
Publish Date 15 May 2002
View details v D Size: 34 KB
Bread for the World: AGOA 2003 and African agriculture

Bread for the World: AGOA 2003 and African agriculture

Report on the impact of AGOA by the Washington-based organisation 'Bread for the World'. The report draws attention to some of the constraints and opportunities related to AGOA.
Author www.bread.org
Organisation Bread for the World
Publish Date 08 April 2003
View details v D Size: 113 KB
Rules of Origin and AGOA: Hard choices for textiles and clothing in SADC 2002

Rules of Origin and AGOA: Hard choices for textiles and clothing in SADC 2002

A number of recent market-opening measures in major developed country markets, especially AGOA, present a unique and time-limited opportunity for southern African economies to benefit from large increases in investment and employment in the...
Author Frank Flatters
Organisation Queen's University, Canada
Publish Date 12 March 2002
View details v D Size: 328 KB
AGOA: Hot air of hot stuff?

AGOA: Hot air of hot stuff?

The US Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), which was promulgated in October 2000, claims to 'move Africans from poverty to prosperity by increasing their economic opportunities'. The Act extends Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) status...
Author Mathew Stern; Nnzeni Netshitomboni
Organisation National Treasury, South Africa
Publish Date 13 February 2002
View details v D Size: 94 KB