TRALAC - Trade Law Centre

Madagascar's exclusion from AGOA to continue for now

Sunday, 06 January 2013 Published: | AFP

Source: AFP

The United States will not restore trade privileges to Madagascar this year, according to a statement received Saturday that cited human rights concerns and the failure to restore democracy in the Indian Ocean nation.

Madagascar has been excluded from the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) programme since 2009 when then president Marc Ravalomanana was overthrown in a coup that left Andry Rajoelina in charge of a transitional, non-elected government.

"We continue to be alarmed by the current regime's lack of respect for some of the most universally accepted principles," said US embassy charge d'affaires Eric Wong.

"Reports by the United Nations and other respected international organisations have highlighted the degree to which the human rights situation in Madagascar has continued to deteriorate."

Wong cited restrictions on journalists, detentions of political enemies and attacks on civilians as examples.

"Madagascar's continued failure to restore democracy, uphold internationally recognised human rights treaties, and to address serious violations of the rule of law has resulted in President Barack Obama's decision not to restore the country's eligibility for benefits under the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) for 2013," the embassy statement said.

Madagascar had previously been a beneficiary of the programme, which had since 2001 allowed it to develop its textile industry.

In 2009, the sector made up 42 percent of exports from the Indian Ocean area, but this share fell to less than 10 percent in 2010, according to World Bank figures.

AGOA, signed into law in 2000, offers incentives for sub-Saharan African nations to develop free markets, open economies and accountable political systems.

It allows preferential access to imports from concerned countries and access to US credit and expertise.

The benefits under the programme are assessed annually.

View related news articles

Reinstatement of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to AGOA

Reinstatement of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to AGOA

Yesterday evening, President Donald J. Trump issued a proclamation reinstating the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s (DRC) eligibility for trade preferences under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA).  This decision affirms the DRC’s progress in meeting AGOA’s rigorous eligibility requirements as established by the U.S. Congress and President...

05 January, 2021
Proclamation to take certain actions under the AGOA [DR Congo] and for other purposes

Proclamation to take certain actions under the AGOA [DR Congo] and for other purposes

1. In Proclamation 8618 of December 21, 2010, the President determined that the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) was not making continual progress in meeting the requirements described in section 506A(a)(1) of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (the “Trade Act”), as added by section 111(a) of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (the “AGOA”)(title I of Public...

22 December, 2020
Mali qualifies for AGOA benefits, USTR notifies

Mali qualifies for AGOA benefits, USTR notifies

The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) recently notified that imports of eligible products from Mali qualify for the textile and apparel benefits under the African Growth Opportunity Act (AGOA) beginning August 4 as Mali has adopted an effective visa system and related procedures to prevent the unlawful trans-shipment of textile and apparel articles.Mali...

25 July, 2020
Annual review of country eligibility for benefits under AGOA for 2021

Annual review of country eligibility for benefits under AGOA for 2021

Action Notice of initiation of review and request for comments. Download a copy of the official document HERE.  Summary The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) is announcing the initiation of the annual review of the eligibility of the sub-Saharan African countries to receive the benefits of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). The AGOA...

10 June, 2020
Cameroon, CAR, Gambia, Niger see US AGOA status changes

Cameroon, CAR, Gambia, Niger see US AGOA status changes

Cameroon will lose its preferred trade status under the US African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) on January 1, following a US decision to revoke its status because of its human rights record. The October decision was confirmed through a presidential proclamation last week. Three other African nations also will see AGOA status changes, the White House said.AGOA affect...

31 December, 2019
Trump ends trade benefits for Cameroon over ‘persistent human rights violations’

Trump ends trade benefits for Cameroon over ‘persistent human rights violations’

President Trump said he will soon ax Cameroon from a trade program that allows African countries to sell goods to the United States on a duty-free basis, citing “persistent human rights violations” in a letter to Congress on Thursday. The decision comes as U.S. officials accuse the Central African nation of extrajudicial killings and unlawful detentions amid conflicts...

02 November, 2019