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Rwanda eyes stronger ties with Biden Administration
The Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Vincent Biruta, has said that Rwanda is ready to strengthen ties with the administration of the new President of the United States, Joe Biden. Biden was sworn-in on January 20, becoming the 46th President of the US. "We are ready to continue working with the new administration in strengthening existing relations between our two countries including levelling up existing...
25 January 2021
'Here's why the used clothing trade deserves more attention'
While friction over the ban of used clothing exports from the US to East Africa seems to have come to an end, some fundamental issues still remain, according to Shannon Brady and Sheng Lu from the University of Delaware. Their latest research throws up complex economic, social, legal and political factors linked with the trade in second-hand clothes and questions the effectiveness of preference programmes such as AGOA as a tool for economic...
11 December 2018
East Africa debate: Suspension of Rwanda’s AGOA benefits – What does it mean? [Video]
Barely weeks after the Trump administration partially suspended Rwanda’s benefits to export apparel duty-free to the US under the African Growth and Opportunity Act - AGOA, the government of Rwanda says that it remains committed to supporting any Rwandan trader who still wishes to access the US market. The government also says that it expects minimal effects from the suspension. Just what does this suspension mean?
22 August 2018
'Rwanda AGOA limitations signals era of reciprocal trading'
Last week, the Trump administration announced the withdrawal of benefits for Rwanda to export apparel duty-free to the US under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (Agoa). This is largely seen as a response to Kigali’s decision to ban second-hand clothes in its market. However, there is a larger trend at play here. We are in an era of trade wars and serious global disagreements as to what is deemed fair, or not, in trade practice and...
05 August 2018
Presidential Proclamation regarding Rwanda's AGOA eligibility
Presidential Proclamation to Take Certain Actions Under the African Growth and Opportunity Act and For Other Purposes Issued on: July 30, 2018 1. In Proclamation 7350 of October 2, 2000, the President designated the Republic of Rwanda (“Rwanda”) as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country for purposes of section 506A(a)(1) of the Trade Act of 1974 (the “1974 Act”) (19 U.S.C. 2466a(a)(1)),...
31 July 2018
Trump upholds AGOA trade preference eligibility criteria with Rwanda
Today, President Donald J. Trump issued a proclamation regarding Rwanda that enforces the eligibility criteria established by Congress for trade preferences under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). This proclamation suspends the application of duty-free treatment for all apparel products from Rwanda. “We regret this outcome and hope it is temporary,” said Deputy United States Trade Representative C.J....
31 July 2018
Rwanda: Government to pay taxes for affected AGOA exporters
To ensure Rwandan exporters are not significantly affected by the anticipated suspension of duty-free access to the US market under the AGOA framework, government has decided to take over the resultant tax obligations. This follows the move by the American government on March 31st announcing their intention to suspend the application of duty-free treatment to all African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)-eligible goods in the apparel sector...
11 June 2018
'How the United States and Rwanda have fallen out over second-hand clothes' - BBC
US President Donald Trump's "America First" stance on global trade has hit Rwanda, by imposing tariffs on clothing exports from the tiny East African nation. The issue revolves around an obscure import, second-hand clothes, and Rwanda's refusal to back down from the fight. When did the dispute start? In March 2018, the US gave Rwanda 60 days' notice that it would be suspending the landlocked country from selling clothes to America...
28 May 2018
Trump versus Rwanda in trade battle over used clothes
Early last year, weeks after Donald Trump was sworn in as president, a little known American trade association filed a petition with the U.S. Trade Representative. That seven-page letter set Africa in the cross-hairs of the new administration’s ‘America First’ trade ideology, pitting the world’s largest economy against tiny Rwanda over an unlikely U.S. export: cast-off clothes. In March, the USTR warned Rwanda it would...
24 May 2018
Opinion: 'America’s petty policy on used clothes for Africa'
Fostering international development has long been viewed as central to the moral, humanitarian, strategic and security interests of the United States. In particular, there is one area where the United States has been a leader in development assistance — providing trade preferences to African countries, most of which are low-income countries. This has been achieved through the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA),...
17 April 2018
Rwanda: 'Cotton returns as used clothes'
Contrary to suspicion, Rwanda is not trying to undermine US hegemony in Africa in favour of China by phasing out used clothes. Consequently, President Trump’s AGOA salvo, which will find support in the US Congress, which is deeply suspicious of China, is a ploy to tame African leaders. The US has suspended the duty free status for Rwandan apparel under the African Growth and Opportunity Act. Rwanda, in a brief statement released on April...
17 April 2018