TRALAC - Trade Law Centre

Apparel manufacturing

The African apparel manufacturing sector received a major boost in 2001 when the United States included garments in the list of products eligible for duty-free access to the United States market under AGOA. This provided not only a waiver of US import duties - generally in the region of 15-30% ad valorum - but also gave African manufacturers a critical advantage over producers located in low-cost countries like China and Bangladesh which faced effective quota constraints and high tariffs on their products when shipped into the United States.

Since then, some of this advantage has been lost, not least due to the fact that quotas on Africa's competitors were removed under WTO rules. 

Today, the apparel manufacturing sector has demonstrated a measure of resilience and continues to compete in the US market. Leading Sub-Saharan African exporters of apparel are Lesotho, Mauritius, Kenya, Swaziland, Madagascar and Ethiopia.  

Find a link to AGOA trade data in the apparel sector at this link.

Downloads

Overview of the Cotton, Textile and Apparel Sectors in East Africa Region and Benchmarking with Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

Overview of the Cotton, Textile and Apparel Sectors in East Africa Region and Benchmarking with Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

Overview of the Cotton, Textile and Apparel Sectors in East Africa Region and Benchmarking with Sri Lanka and Bangladesh is a USAID Hub report that serves as a reference for businesses looking to source from East Africa. It provides easily searchable and mapped information on sector players that could be used to identify textile, apparel and apparel accessory producers who can supply products to local and regional clients and U.S....

Organisation East Africa Trade and Investment Hub
Publish Date 15 February 2018
View details D Size: 3 MB
US end-market analysis for Kenyan textiles and apparel

US end-market analysis for Kenyan textiles and apparel

The apparel market in the United States (U.S.) is the largest in the world with a market value of $343 billion. In 2016, the U.S. imported apparel worth $105 billion, up from $88 billion in 2015 and $82 billion in 2014.1 U.S. consumers spent $312 billion on apparel. Ten countries account for almost 80 percent of all U.S. apparel imports with China topping the list with a 30 percent share. While Kenya does not yet stand among these countries,...

Author East Africa Trade and Investment Hub
Organisation USAID
Publish Date 07 December 2017
View details D Size: 2 MB
2014-2015 AGOA Textile Quota Cap

2014-2015 AGOA Textile Quota Cap

Limitations of duty- and quota-free imports of apparel articles assembled in beneficiary Sub-Saharan African countries from regional and third-country fabric.  Publication of the new 12-month cap on duty-and quota-free benefits. 

Author Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA)
Organisation OTEXA
Publish Date 02 October 2014
View details D Size: 195 KB
Findings into the commercial availability of denim fabric under AGOA

Findings into the commercial availability of denim fabric under AGOA

The Commission's determinations on denim fabric and estimates of the amount of regional African denim fabric that will be available during the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2007, for use in less developed beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries in the production of denim apparel receiving U.S. duty free treatment.

Author USITC
Organisation USITC
Publish Date 12 September 2007
View details D Size: 3 MB
Textiles and Apparel: Assessment of the competitiveness of certain foreign suppliers to the US (2004)

Textiles and Apparel: Assessment of the competitiveness of certain foreign suppliers to the US (2004)

USITC report (declassified in January 2004) assessing the competitiveness of various textile and apparel supply-countries to the US market. As requested by the USTR, the report assesses the textile and apparel industries of certain foreign suppliers to the U.S. market with respect to their competitiveness and other factors pertinent to their adjustment to the final completion of the phaseout of quotas on January 1, 2005, as required by the...

Author United States International Trade Commission (USITC)
Organisation United States International Trade Commission (USITC)
Publish Date 06 January 2004
View details D Size: 5 MB
2003 Assessment of the competitiveness of textiles and apparel suppliers to the US market (Executive Summary)

2003 Assessment of the competitiveness of textiles and apparel suppliers to the US market (Executive Summary)

This is the 10-page executive summary of a report assessing the competitiveness of various textile and apparel supply-countries to the US market. A full version of this recently declassified report is also available for download elsewhere on this page.

Author United States International Trade Commission (USITC)
Organisation United States International Trade Commission (USITC)
Publish Date 26 June 2003
View details D Size: 100 KB
Textiles and Clothing: Reflections on the sector’s integration into the post-quota environment (2005)

Textiles and Clothing: Reflections on the sector’s integration into the post-quota environment (2005)

This paper tracks developments of the global textile and clothing quota regime from its early stages in the 1960s to the final integration of the sector into world trade on 1 January 2005. This is followed by a brief analysis of trends in the textile and clothing trade, focusing on key markets in general, and that of the United States in particular, while highlighting the importance of the sector for developing countries. With the Agreement on...

Author Eckart Naumann
Organisation Tralac (Trade Law Centre for Southern Africa)
Publish Date 12 April 2005
View details D Size: 219 KB
2000 AGOA Textile Certificate of Origin (EXPIRED)

2000 AGOA Textile Certificate of Origin (EXPIRED)

(EXPIRED) This is a copy of the AGOA Textile Certificate of Origin. An exporter of apparel/textiles wishing to obtain the preferential treatment available under AGOA (i.e. duty-free treatment) for specific apparel/textile products must complete the Certificate and provide it to the importer, which is importing the apparel/textiles to the United States. The Certificate must be available to U.S. Customs on request but does not accompany the...

Author US Government
Publish Date 01 May 2000
View details D Size: 10 KB
Raw materials traceability for US apparel imports - 2005

Raw materials traceability for US apparel imports - 2005

Raw materials traceability is the ability to identify, through a comprehensive system of lot numbers and documentation, the source of each and every fabric and trim used to produce a given garment. 

Author Margaret Bishop
Organisation Consultant, WA Tradehub
Publish Date 24 November 2005

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Botswana: Textile sector upbeat, despite AGOA export collapse

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